Python vs C: Know the Major Differences

With digitization taking over the world, programming has gained an indisputable prominence in today’s date. As we start relying on more digital tools and apps, youngsters are shifting to learn new programming languages for more relevance and job opportunities.

Now, when it comes to programming languages, two of the most demanded ones are Python and C. Also, since these two languages are mostly used to develop swift and light-weight apps, most coders fail to choose which one to learn first – C or Python.

While C was established before Python and gained attention a decade back, the scenario now is completely different. Today, Python has become more popular for several reasons.

Therefore, choosing a definite programming language among the two notable ones can be confusing. So, in this blog, I’ve laid out the introductions with the key differences of both the programming languages – C and Python.

An Introduction to C

C is a procedural programming language developed at Bells Lab by Dennis Ritchie in 1972. Initially, the programming language was developed to write an operating system. However, it is one of the oldest general programming languages developed to construct various utilities to run the UNIX design. Furthermore, the C language includes low-level memory access that runs on simple sets of keywords. That’s why many coders use this programming language for its neat framework.

C comes with a plethora of features like –

  • Structured programming
  • Lexical variable scope and recursion
  • Static type system

C programming language is also considered a middle-level language because it combines both the traits of low-level and high-level languages. Because of these traits, the language is a suitable option for systems like compiler development or operating systems. Later, many new programming languages borrowed syntaxes and other features directly or indirectly. For example – the syntaxes of Java, PHP, JavaScript and many other languages are based on C programming language.

Since you now have a brief idea about the C programming language and its assignment help, let us now check out the critical features of C programming are:

  1. It allows extensive coding as it is a combined middle-level language.
  2. The language provides fast and compelling performance as a compiler.
  3. It is a highly portable and extensible programming language that isn’t directly tied to hardware or software. Therefore, any code written in C language can run on any machine that supports the language.
  4. C includes an ample set of built-in operators and libraries with proper functions.

Therefore, C is a modular language that emphasises separating the functionality of a specific program into interchangeable and indifferent modules for achieving any desired result while the program is running.

An Introduction to Python

Python one of the most relevant programming languages crafted and further developed by Guido van Rossum in 1991. The language was released as a successor to the ABC programming language. Python majorly emphasises code readability within the syntax, allowing the programmers to express the code within a few lines. Furthermore, it supports various programming paradigms, including Object Oriented Programming, Functional Programming, Structured programming and other high-level language programming.

The language offers numerous flexible features, so the demand for this programming language has spread its application in different fields like software engineering, data science or machine learning, etc.

Let us now check some of the key features of Python:

  1. It is a very simple, readable open-source programming language that is easy to learn.
  2. Python is an interpreted language.
  3. Despite being an interpreted language, it supports object-oriented programming.
  4. The language supports independent working on any platform that allows easy embedding and extension.
  5. Python has an enormous standard library filled with numerous modules and packages covering important functionalities. Alongside, it has one of the largest communities on Stack Overflow and Meetup.
  6. Additionally, the language is extremely versatile to use.

Now that you have an overview of the features of both the languages, –let us see how Python differs from C.

How Does C Differ from Python? A Comparison

After examining the features of both languages, it can be concluded that both C and Python are uniquely crafted to make coding interesting and accessible. However, both the languages are popular among coders and programmers for different reasons beyond the aspect of usage. So, let’s explore and dive in to the differences between C and Python.

  1. The speed of the programming languages:

The speed of the C programming language is comparatively faster as it can be compiled with other commands to result in structured code. This is because the compiler immediately checks the code between the lines. And if they spot an error, the compiler stops functioning.

On the contrary, Python works slower than C as it is an interpreted programming language. As a result, the interpreters take time to check the entire code to spot all the errors or debugs. Moreover, the code can be reported only once to check.

  1. Type of the programming language:

C is a middle-level language that bridges the gaps between machine-level and high-level machine languages.

On the other hand, Python is a high-level language as the codes are translated into machine language with the help of an interpreter.

  1. Variable declaration:

In C language, the types of variables must be declared when the codes are created. Once created, the variables must follow a particular type to be assigned.

In contrast, Python works with un-typed variables that don’t need any definite data type while declaring them within the codes. Also, a given variable in Python can store different data values in different parts of the code.

  1. Functional Units:

In C programming language, the functional units are used as its function since it is a procedural programming language.

Contrarily, the functional units in Python are used as objects as it is an object-oriented language.

  1. Applications:

C programming is mainly used to develop different hardware applications.

On the contrary, Python is used for general programming and language coding.

  1. Use of data structure: For using various data structures like stacks and queues, the users or the coder need to interpret independently for smooth functioning.

Python, contrarily, allows easy use of data structures as it provides in-built libraries to store enough data.

  1. Memory Management:

Memory management needs to be done manually in C. As a result, it can be a little extensive to function on the hardware.

For Python, the memory management works automatically as it contains a built-in Garbage collector.

Parting thoughts,

Now that you know the differences between these two major languages, it will be easy for you to choose the programming language you want to learn depending on the career and job role you want to take on in future. So, if you plan to work on low-level systems, C programming assignment help is your option. On the other hand, Python should be your choice if you want to work in sectors like web development, AI, machine learning and more. Regardless of the two types, these programming languages contribute massively to bringing new technology innovations for a better future.

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