How to Critically Analyze a Statement – A Guide for PhD Thesis

We all have to write essays and dissertations at some point in our lives. When writing a dissertation there are many skills you need to master in order to do it well. One of the most important aspects is called critical analysis, where you critically analyze a statement and support your claims with evidence. If you master this skill, you’ll have no problem writing any piece of academic work from a research proposal to a PhD thesis. In this guide, we will discuss different aspects of critically analyzing a statement.

What is Critical Analysis?

Critical analysis is a systematic and objective evaluation of a statement or argument by examining the validity of its assumptions, the accuracy of its evidence, and the soundness of its reasoning. It is used to determine whether the statement is valid or not.

Critical assessment involves being able to identify what arguments are used in support of your own argument and then critically analyzing those statements in order to understand how they were supportive of your own argument but also how they could potentially be challenged.

How to Critically Analyze a Statement?

What is Critical Analysis?

Critical analysis is a process of analyzing, evaluating and applying the results of critical thinking to an idea or statement in order to reach a conclusion. It involves breaking down information into its basic parts and then examining each part individually and as they relate to other parts.

For example, let’s say you want to write a dissertation about global warming in Antarctica. You could start by asking yourself: How does global warming affect Antarctica? How does it affect the people who live there? What are some potential consequences of increased temperatures on this continent? Is there anything that can be done about this problem? The answers will help you answer your central question: Should we do something about global warming in Antarctica or not?

The 4 Typical Aspects of Critical Analysis

“What” aspect:

The first aspect of critical analysis is the “what” aspect, which explains what is being measured or examined in a particular context. You can use this aspect to critically analyze a statement in your dissertation to explain the results you collected from your experiments and what each result implies about your area of study.

You will probably want to include an example or two describing how your research applies to real-world situations, if possible.

“How” aspect:

This is the procedural aspect to critically analyze a statement. It explains how a specific task was performed by an experimenter and what type of equipment was used. It also explains why that method was selected over other available options.

It is important to note that this section does not explain how to perform the experiment – rather, it describes how the researcher did it in their study. For example, if you were conducting an experiment involving running on a treadmill, then your “how” section might read as follows:

“A treadmill was used for this study because its use requires minimal space and can easily be accomplished by most participants within one session. Running on a treadmill allows for control over many variables (e.g., speed), which would otherwise be difficult or impossible to control with other exercise modalities such as running outdoors or on an exercise bike.”

In addition to explaining what kind of equipment was chosen and why it was chosen over similar options, you may also want to include details about any modifications made to standard methods prior to conducting your own experiments (e.g., using different conditions than those in the original study).

“Why” aspect

This is the contextual aspect that explains why a specific method was selected, or why certain variables were used instead of others in an experiment, etc. It also includes the thinking process behind an experimenter’s decisions and the reasons for making those decisions while conducting an experiment. It is considered one of the most important aspects to critically analyze a statement.

“So What” aspect:

This is the conclusion or inference aspect where you present your findings based on all the critical analysis you conducted in previous aspects. You can also use this aspect to evaluate the conclusions made by another researcher about their work and determine which conclusions are correct, incorrect or still not enough to make a significant conclusion about your area of study.

Summarize your findings: A good summary will tell us that the problem statement has been answered, and it will explain how they relate to it.

Evaluate other researchers’ work: This part is optional but highly recommended if there is any evidence provided in other studies which contradicts your own findings or which supports them better than yours do!

Tips to critically analyze a statement:

In the course of your PhD, you will be required to critically analyze statements. Here are some tips that will help you do this effectively:

  1. Read the statement carefully and try to figure out what it means. This may sound obvious, but it is surprising how many people fail to do this step properly. It is important to understand exactly what you are critiquing before moving on to point 2.
  • Identify any assumptions that may be underlying the statement. Remember that assumptions can be implicit or explicit. For example, an assumption about ‘cause’ might be that a cause must precede its effect in time; whereas an assumption about ‘effect’ might be that effects cannot precede causes in time (i.e., there cannot be an effect without a cause).
  • Consider other possible interpretations of the statement than those offered by its author(s). For example, if someone claims that ‘X causes Y’, ask yourself whether there are other possible interpretations of this claim, such as ‘Y causes X’ (or both X and Y together cause something else). You should also consider whether there are other possible explanations for why people behave as they do besides the reasons given in the original statement (i.e., whether there are other possible causes of their behavior). If you are lacking the skills to interpret the claims, then you can get help from PhD dissertation writing services.
  • Gather evidence to support or refute the claim. This can be done by finding other relevant studies and reading them carefully, conducting your own experiments (if possible), analyzing historical data, interviewing people involved in the situation, and so on.
  • Compare your results with those of others. If you find that your results are different from those of other studies, then it is important to consider why this might be so. Are there methodological differences between the two studies? If so, which study has more credibility?


We hope that our guide has helped you to develop your critical analysis skills, and provided you with some useful tips for how to critically analyze a statement. As with any skill, it takes time and practice, but hopefully, the tips in this article will give you a head start. If you would like more information on the theory of critical analysis or need some examples to help clarify things further for yourself, then please feel free to take some time and have a look at our related articless.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.